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College Readiness

Who uses this?

Turabian is used mainly for disserations and thesis in many subjects. Some departments may perfer you to us Turabian as an undergraduate.  Such as:

  • History
  • Religious Studies
  • Political Science

Speak to your advisor for clarification.

Citation Examples


Basic book format:

Lastname, Firstname. Title:Capitalize All Major Words. Publication location: Publisher,


Crawford, Dorothy H.  Deadly Companions: How Microbes Shaped Our History. New York:

Oxford University Press, 2007.

Basic scholarly article format:

Lastname, Firstname. "Article Title: Capitalize All Major Words." Journal Title Volume, no.

issue (Year): page numbers.

Lim, Elvin T. "The Lion and the Lamb: De-Mythologizing Franklin Roosevelt's Fireside

Chats." Rhetoric & Public Affairs 6, no. 3 (2003): 437-464.

Basic electronic journal article format:

Lastname, Firstname. "Article Title:  Capitalize All Major Words." Journal Title Volume, no.

issue (Publication Date): page numbers. Database, (accessed Month day, year).

Oseid, Julie A. "The Power of Zeal: Teddy Roosevelt's Life and Writing." Legal

Communication & Rhetoric: JALWD 10, (2013): 125-149.Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost (accessed January 7, 2015).

Footnote Citation

You will need the page number(s) where the quote or idea is located.

Basic book footnote:

¹Firstname Lastname, Title: Capitalize All Major Words (Publication location: Publisher,

Year), Page(s).

¹Dorothy H. Crawford, Deadly Companions: How Microbes Shaped Our History (New York:

Oxford University Press, 2007), 96.

Basic journal article footnote:

³Firstname Lastname, "Article Title: Capitalize All Major Words," Journal Title Volume

number (Publication Date): page(s).

³Elvin T. Lim, "The Lion and the Lamb: De-Mythologizing Franklin Roosevelt's Fireside

Chats," Rhetoric & Public Affairs 6.3 (2003): 451.

How to hang indent in Microsoft Word

Write your full citation(s) as usually.  Then highlight the full citation(s).  Expand the Paragraph dialog box.  

Select "Hanging" under special indentation.

Information needed to cite

Book Citation Information:

Author(s), Title, Publisher, Publication Location, and Publication Date.

Scholarly Article Citation Information:

Author(s), Article Title, Journal Title, Volume Number, Issue Number, Publication Date, and Page Numbers.



Title reference page "Bibilography" and center it on the top of the page.

Entries should be in alphabetical order.

Single-space within entry and double-space between entries.

If you have multiple entries by the same author, use three dashes and then a period for the author's name.  For example: ---.

Hang indent second and subsequent lines of each entry.

Differences between Turabian and Chicago

The differences between the Chicago and Turabian styles are mainly seen in how notes are numbered. 


In Turabian style, use superscript ¹ for endnote and footnote numbers in the text and at the beginning of each note.


In Chicago style, the note number in the text is in parentheses (1) and is followed by a period and space in the note, as in the following example:

1. Chicago

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