The Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 (Chapter 12, Sections 1201 and 1202)
The Librarian of Congress may designate certain classes of works as exempt from the prohibition against circumvention of technological measures that control access to copyrighted works when such circumvention is done to engage in noninfringing uses of works in the designated classes.
When acting as a service provider, the University must abide by the legal requirements of the DMCA. The DMCA stipulates that:
"On receipt of an acceptably complete claim of infringement, DMCA (512) (g) requires [the university] to direct prompt removal of material or removal of all local or wide-area network access to the material or activity claimed to be infringing."
Whether the claim is accurate or not, the alleged infringing material will be taken down. The infringer has recourse to file a counter claim.
Title 1 of the DMCA covers anti-circumvention and technological protection measures (TPM) that protect digital intellectual property.
By law it is illegal to circumvent or decrypt these protections, even if Fair Use permits your intended use. It is also illegal to manufacture and to traffic any technology or service that is designed to circumvent a TPM. (Section 1201)
The DMCA also prohibits removing the copyright management information contained on a copyrighted work. (Section1202)
Generally, it is illegal to circumvent TPMs on audiovisual works to create compilations of clips. You must scroll or scan to the section of the video you wish to show
There is no definition of "short portions." See the 2009 Rulemaking on Exemptions from Prohibition of Technological Measures that Control Access to Copyrighted Works for more information.
The consequences of violating this law are severe depending upon whether infringement is found to be willful or not. Actual or statutory damages may apply. See DMCA Civil and Criminal remedies, Section 1203.
University employees have some protection under the law (Section 1203(c)(5)).