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APA Resources

The Basics of Citing and Referencing in APA 7th Edition.



Smart Student. (2022, September 3). The basics of citing and referencing in APA 7th edition. [video]. 

Purdue OWL

The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University is a widely-used and respected source for style formatting and writing guidance.  This is a great place to find sample papers (to learn how to structure an APA paper) and instructions on citing various types of resources. Use the navigation on the left-side of the screen (instead of the tabs across the top) in the Purdue OWL APA Landing Page to remain within APA-related resources.

Student Resources from APA

The Concise APA Handbook

How to Cite the UpToDate Database

This page contains a reference example for an article from the UpToDate database. Source: APA Style. Section 10.1 of the APA Publication Manual.

Bordeaux, B., & Lieberman, H. R. (2020). Benefits and risks of caffeine and caffeinated beverages. UpToDate. Retrieved February 26, 2020, from

  • Parenthetical citation: (Bordeaux & Lieberman, 2020)
  • Narrative citation: Bordeaux and Lieberman (2020)
  • Articles in the UpToDate database are available only in that database and have information that changes over time.
  • In the reference list, format UpToDate articles like periodical articles. Italicize the database name in the reference like a periodical title, but do not italicize the database name if it appears in the text.
  • Use the year of last update in the date element.
  • Include a retrieval date because the content is designed to change over time and versions of the page are not archived.

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