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PT7316/PT7318: Management of Musculoskeletal Conditions (Swift)

Club Foot #1

Clubfoot describes a range of foot abnormalities usually present at birth (congenital) in which a baby's foot is twisted out of shape or position. In clubfoot, the tissues connecting the muscles to the bone (tendons) are shorter than usual. (From the Mayo Clinic)


Club Foot #2

Forefoot/Rearfoot Deformities #1

A foot deformity is a disorder of the foot that can be congenital or acquired. (From Wikipedia)

Forefoot/Rearfoot Deformities #2

Hallux Valgus

The term hallux valgus denotes deviation of the great toe toward the fibular border of the foot. Hallux valgus is not synonymous with bunion, which is derived from the same root as "bun" or "bunch", and means an area of swelling. (From the University of Washington Medicine Department of Radiology)

A bunion is one problem that can develop due to hallux valgus, a foot deformity. The term "hallux valgus" is Latin and means a turning outward (valgus) of the big toe (hallux). The bone which joins the big toe, the first metatarsal, becomes prominent on the inner border of the foot. This bump is the bunion and is made up of bone and soft tissue. (From the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)


Metatarsalgia is a condition marked by pain and inflammation in the ball of the foot. (From the Mayo Clinic)

Pes Cavus and Pes Planus

Pes cavus refers to a descriptive term for a type of foot deformity with an abnormally high longitudinal arch of the foot (caved in foot). (From

Pes planus (also called flat foot) is a deformity of the foot where the longitudinal arch of the foot is abnormally flattened.(From

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. It involves pain and inflammation of a thick band of tissue, called the plantar fascia, that runs across the bottom of the foot and connects the heel bone to the toes. (From the Mayo Clinic)

Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy

Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a condition of intense burning pain, stiffness, swelling, and discoloration that most often affects the hand. Arms, legs, and feet can also be affected by CRPS. This condition was previously known as Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy, Sudeck's Atrophy, Shoulder-hand Syndrome, or Causalgia. (From the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)

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