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PT7316/PT7318: Management of Musculoskeletal Conditions (Swift)

Ape Hand Deformity

Distal median nerve dysfunction: Inability to oppose thumb from distal median nerve dysfunction. 
(From the Stanford School of Medicine)

Boutonniere Deformity

Boutonnière Deformity is the result of an injury to the tendons that straightens the middle joint of the finger. The result is that the middle joint of the injured finger will not straighten, while the fingertip bends back.
(From the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)

Boxer's Fracture

'Boxer fractures are minimally comminuted, transverse fractures of the 5th metacarpal.' (From

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome #1

'Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a hand and arm condition that causes numbness, tingling and other symptoms. Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by a pinched nerve in the wrist.' (From the Mayo Clinic)

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome #2

Colles' Fracture and Smith's Fracture #1

One of the most common distal radius fractures is a Colles fracture, in which the broken fragment of the radius tilts upward. (From the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)

Smith fractures are fractures of the distal radius with associated palmar angulation of the distal fracture fragment. Classically, these fractures are extra-articular transverse fractures and can be thought of as a reverse Colles fracture. 

Colles' Fracture and Smith's Fracture #2

De Quervain's Tenosynovitis

'De Quervain's Tendinosis occurs when the tendons around the base of the thumb are irritated or constricted.' 
(From the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)

Dupuytren's Contracture

'Dupuytrens Contracture is a painless thickening and tightening (contracture) of tissue beneath the skin on the palm of the hand and fingers.' (From MedlinePlus)

Gamekeeper's Thumb #1

Gamekeeper's Thumb is essentially synonymous with Skier's thumb, although the latter has a more acute injury connotation. It is an avulsion or rupture of the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the thumb.' (From

Gamekeeper's Thumb #2

Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is a condition of intense burning pain, stiffness, swelling, and discoloration that most often affects the hand. Arms, legs, and feet can also be affected by CRPS.

This condition was previously known as Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy, Sudeck's Atrophy, Shoulder-hand Syndrome, or Sausalgia.
(From the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)

Scaphoid Fracture

'The scaphoid is one of the small bones in the wrist. It can most easily be identified when the thumb is held in a "hitch-hiking" position. The scaphoid is at the base of the hollow made by the thumb tendons. Pain or tenderness in this area can be a sign that the scaphoid is injured.' (From the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)

Swan Neck Deformity

A swan neck deformity occurs when the structures that keep the middle joint of the finger from bending back too far are injured, stretched or weakened. The injury causes the middle finger (proximal interphalangeal) joint to hyperextend. This situation causes an disturbance in the tendon system causing the end finger (distal interphalangeal) joint to bend (flex). This makes the finger appear crooked. (From the Vermont Orthopaedic Clinic)

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